There are few enchantingplaces in the world which once you have visited them, you will never forget. One such place is Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan is located at the half distance from Paris to Tokyo, on the western border of China, south of Kazakhstan and east of Uzbekistan, north of Tajikistan and 5000 km southeast of Moscow.
Surface: 198500 sq. km or 76,642 sq. mi (5 times the size of Switzerland). Mountains make up 94 %, plains 6% of the surface.
Climate: Kyrgyzstan’s climate is classic continental with hot summers and cold winters. Temperatures can vary considerably within a single day – especially with altitude and can change suddenly, particularly in the mountains. The varied landscape provides for a variety of climates. For example: the average summer temperature in Issyk-Kul is +17C to +20C during the day and +5C to +10C at night.
Mountains: The most famous Peaks are: Khan-Tengri (7010 m or 22873 feet), and Pobeda (7439m or 24325 feet) in the Tian-Shan range. “Engilchek” is one of the longest glaciers in the world (62 km or 40 miles). Peak Lenin (7134 m or 23328 feet) and Peak Communism (7505 m or 24541 feet) are in the Pamir range, in the south of the country.
Population: The country’s population is 5 million. The capital Bishkek has around 1 million inhabitants.
Other towns: Tokmok, Karakol, Cholpon-Ata, Balykchy, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Ozgon, Kazarman, Naryn and many more.
Nationalities: Kyrgyz (60%), Russians (16%), Uzbeks (14%), Ukrainians (2%), Dungans, Kazakhs (1%), Tajiks (1%), Tatars (1%), Germans, Uighurs, Koreans, Chinese.
Religions: The majority of the population is not religious, others are Moslem or Christian.
Bishkek, the capital city of Kyrgyzstan, is situated in the Chui valley at an altitude of 750 metres above sea level. It is a wonderful place. The people are friendly and open. Bishkek is considered as one of the greenest cities of the world. It is situated at the foot of the Ala-Too Mountains, which are covered by a crest of glaciers.
Bishkek is near some of the most exotic and legendary places on earth – Samarkand, Kashgar, Bukhara; and in a region that glitters with famous names – Alexander the Great, Tamerlane and Marco Polo. For many centuries one important branch of the Great Silk Road network passed right through what is now Bishkek.
In Bishkek the average temperature is around +24,5C in July (although it can reach well into the 40’s) and about -5C in January.